The United States Constitution - Part 2 – Article 1, Section 1 & 2
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Author: Mickey Brundege
All legislative Powers herein granted shall be vested in a Congress of the United States, which shall consist of a Senate and House of Representatives.
This section of article 1 spells out WHERE the laws are to be made and both parts of this branch of government are named.
It also states very clearly that 'all legislative power granted'. In other words "The Power that WE the People give to you to make laws"
The House of Representatives shall be composed of Members chosen every second Year by the People of the several States, and the Electors in each State shall have the Qualifications requisite for Electors of the most numerous Branch of the State Legislature.
Representatives of the states will stand for election every 2 years. They will be elected by the people that legally live in the state that the representative will represent. The framers of the Constitution understood that this body will have the largest number of elected officials in it.
No Person shall be a Representative who shall not have attained to the Age of twenty five Years, and been seven Years a Citizen of the United States, and who shall not, when elected, be an Inhabitant of that State in which he shall be chosen.
In order to be a representative, a candidate must be (at least) 25 years old.
That candidate must be a citizen of the Unites States for (at least) Seven years.
Finally, a person standing for election to this body must legally live in the state they wish to represent.
Representatives and direct Taxes shall be apportioned among the several States which may be included within this Union, according to their respective Numbers, which shall be determined by adding to the whole Number of free Persons, including those bound to Service for a Term of Years, and excluding Indians not taxed, three fifths of all other Persons.
Representatives (congressman) shall be allocated from the states in accordance with the number of people that are in each state. Large States: more reps, Small states: less reps. The tax burden will be allocated the same way. The count will consist of Free People, those hired for work and it will not include (native-Americans) Indians. All others, for purposes of representation and taxes will be counted as 3/5 people. This last was done so that the slave trade could be abolished in due time.
The actual Enumeration shall be made within three Years after the first Meeting of the Congress of the United States, and within every subsequent Term of ten Years, in such Manner as they shall by Law direct.
This enumeration,or 'count' shall occur the first time 3 years after the first meeting of congress (to allow it to begin in an even numbered year) and will be conducted each ten years after that. This has been called 'the Census'
The Number of Representatives shall not exceed one for every thirty Thousand, but each State shall have at Least one Representative;
This is fairly self-explanatory: for every 30,000 (or portion thereof) people counted there will be 1 representative for the state in the National Congress. This itself would allow for more representatives for larger states.
and until such enumeration shall be made, the State of New Hampshire shall be entitled to chuse three, Massachusetts eight, Rhode-Island and Providence Plantations one, Connecticut five, New-York six, New Jersey four, Pennsylvania eight, Delaware one, Maryland six, Virginia ten, North Carolina five, South Carolina five, and Georgia three.
This portion established the representatives to the first congress to be elected to get everything going.
When vacancies happen in the Representation from any State, the Executive Authority thereof shall issue Writs of Election to fill such Vacancies.
As vacancies occur (Deaths, Resignations, Imprisonment, Election to higher office, etc.) The Governor of the state having the vacancy will establish the procedures for filling that seat. (The representatives work for the State, not the Federal Government!)
The House of Representatives shall chuse their Speaker and other Officers; and shall have the sole Power of Impeachment.
The House of Representatives (Congress) will elect a Leader, Chairman, (etc.) called in this document the Speaker Of The House AND they will decide if and when impeachment of the President is in order.
That is an interesting combinations of responsibilities neither of which should be taken lightly.
About the Author
I have been an America Lover for the past 55 years! I believe that the elected officials that do not have a grasp of what our fore fathers said and did to create this very remarkable experiment in Representative Government should be put out to pasture!
Please go to http://www.squidoo.com/usa-constitution/ for a very interesting examination of this document.
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