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FATHER: James Otis


was a lawyer in colonial Massachusetts, a member of the Massachusetts Legislature, and an early advocate of the political views that led to the American Revolution. The phrase "Taxation without Representation is Tyranny" is usually attributed to him.[MORE]

ARTICLE: The Boston Tea Party - No Taxation Without Representation


The Boston Tea Party is one of the most cherished stories from the founding of our country. This is one of the events that inspired the American colonists to stand up against tyranny imposed on them from the British government. We have heard a lot about the Tea Party of today so [MORE]

ARTICLE: American Revolution and War for Independence


This paper is dedicated to the history of American Revolution and the War for Independence. The primary purpose of the survey given here is to carry out an analysis of the events of the late 18th century in the British colonies in North America on the basis of vast historical mat[MORE]

ARTICLE: For The Better Economic Life


WOMEN were not freed from their 18th Century servitude by feminist agitation, but by the invention of the sewing machine, the washing machine, the refrigerator, and the dishwasher, together with the revolutionary developments for handling and distributing foodstuffs.[MORE]

Quote 157 details Share on Google+ - Quote 157 Linked In Share Button - Quote 157 It is evident from the state of the country, from the habits of the people, from the experience we have had on the point itself, that it is impracticable to raise any very considerable sums by direct taxation.

Alexander Hamilton: Federalist No. 12, November 27, 1787
The Federalist Papers
Quoted Document: The Federalist Papers

Quote 215 details Share on Google+ - Quote 215 Linked In Share Button - Quote 215 There is no part of the administration of government that requires extensive information and a thorough knowledge of the principles of political economy, so much as the business of taxation. The man who understands those principles best will be least likely to resort to oppressive expedients, or sacrifice any particular class of citizens to the procurement of revenue. It might be demonstrated that the most productive system of finance will always be the least burdensome.


Quote 413 details Share on Google+ - Quote 413 Linked In Share Button - Quote 413 If, from the more wretched parts of the old world, we look at those which are in an advanced stage of improvement, we still find the greedy hand of government thrusting itself into every corner and crevice of industry, and grasping the spoil of the multitude. Invention is continually exercised, to furnish new pretenses for revenues and taxation. It watches prosperity as its prey and permits none to escape without tribute.

Thomas Paine: Rights of Man, 1791
Quoted Document: Rights of Man - Thomas Paine

Quote 775 details Share on Google+ - Quote 775 Linked In Share Button - Quote 775 However extensive the constitutional power of a government to impose taxes may be, I think it should not be so exercised as to impede or discourage the lawful and useful industry and exertions of individuals. hence, the prudence of taxing the products if beneficial labor, either mental or manual, appears to be at least questionable... Whether taxation should extend only to property, or only to income, are points on which opinions have not been uniform. I am inclined to think that both should not be taxed.

John Jay: 1812

Quote 802 details Share on Google+ - Quote 802 Linked In Share Button - Quote 802 Taxation without representation is tyranny.

James Otis: Attributed by john Adams and others - 1763

Quote 991 details Share on Google+ - Quote 991 Linked In Share Button - Quote 991 Taxation to a certain point is not only proper but useful, because by stimulating the industry of individuals it increases the wealth of the Community. But when Taxes go so far as to intrench on the subsistence of the people they become burdensome and oppressive. The expenditures of money ought in such case to be (if possible) avoided, and if unavoidable, it will be most wise to have recourse to loans

Robert Morris: letter to Alexander Martin, July 20, 1782

Quote 992 details Share on Google+ - Quote 992 Linked In Share Button - Quote 992 Were it possible that a Society should exist in which every member would, of his own accord, industriously pursue the increase of National property without waste or extravagance, the public Wealth would be impaired by every Species of Taxation, but there never was, and unless human nature should change, there never will be such a Society. In any given number of men there will always be some who are idle and some who are extravagant.

Robert Morris: letter to Alexander Martin, July 20, 1782

Quote 993 details Share on Google+ - Quote 993 Linked In Share Button - Quote 993 In every Society also there must be some Taxes, because the necessity of supporting Government & defending the State always exist. To do these on the cheapest Terms is wise, and when it is considered how much men are disposed to indolence and profusion it will appear that (even if those demands did not require the whole of what could be raised) still it would be wise to carry Taxation to a certain amount, and expend what should remain after providing for the support of Government and the National defense in Works of public utility, such as opening of roads and Navigation.

Robert Morris: letter to Alexander Martin, July 20, 1782

Quote 1014 details Share on Google+ - Quote 1014 Linked In Share Button - Quote 1014 Whatever threats are thrown out or force employed to make ye Americans as compliant as ye Parliament, they will never depart from the essential right of internal taxation without which our property would be at ye mercy of every rapacious minister.


Quote 1019 details Share on Google+ - Quote 1019 Linked In Share Button - Quote 1019 ... between an absolute legislative authority, divested of ye power of taxation, appears to me a contradiction in terminis - how can legislation be absolute and supreme, when destitute of a power, which is its very soul and essence: and without which every legislature must be acknowledge incompetent, and inadequate to ye ends of government.


Quote 1171 details Share on Google+ - Quote 1171 Linked In Share Button - Quote 1171 The more I have reflected on the subject, the better satisfied I am of the impolicy of assuming the state debts. The diminishing the necessity for State taxation will undoubtedly leave the national government more at liberty to exercise its powers and encrease the subjects on which it will act, for that purpose, and if that were absolutely a necessary power of the government, and no objections applied to the transfer itself of the publick creditors from one government to the other, without their consent, (for such a modification as leaves them not even a plausible alternative, amounts to the same thing, and such I understand the report to be) or to the probable inefficiency of the national government comparatively with those of the States in raising the necessary funds, I should perhaps have no objections to it at present.


Quote 1212 details Share on Google+ - Quote 1212 Linked In Share Button - Quote 1212 Of a very different nature, tho' only one degree better than the other reasoning, is all that sublimity of nonsense and alarm, that has been thundered against it in every shape of metaphoric terror, on the subject of a bill of rights, the liberty of the press, rights of conscience, rights of taxation and election, trials in the vicinity, freedom of speech, trial by jury, and a standing army. These last are undoubtedly important points, much too important to depend on mere paper protection. For, guard such privileges by the strongest expressions, still if you leave the legislative and executive power in the hands of those who are or may be disposed to deprive you of them you are but slaves.

Roger Sherman: The Countryman - Nov 22, 1787
Quoted Document: The Countryman



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