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ARTICLE: Samuel Adams - Dissident Founding Father


If you had to pick one founding father who was the most dissident, rabble-rousing patriot, it would have to be Samuel Adams. Without him, U.S. citizens would probably still be paying taxes to buy down England's war debts.[MORE]

ARTICLE: The Boston Tea Party - No Taxation Without Representation


The Boston Tea Party is one of the most cherished stories from the founding of our country. This is one of the events that inspired the American colonists to stand up against tyranny imposed on them from the British government. We have heard a lot about the Tea Party of today so [MORE]

ARTICLE: The Failure of the Founders of The US Constitution


Several years ago I began to feel overwhelmed by all the reports coming from Washington, especially the multitude of deficit spending and I decided to get involved. I began asking myself if the Founders may have overlooked something in the U.S. Constitution which could have preve[MORE]

ARTICLE: American Revolution and War for Independence


This paper is dedicated to the history of American Revolution and the War for Independence. The primary purpose of the survey given here is to carry out an analysis of the events of the late 18th century in the British colonies in North America on the basis of vast historical mat[MORE]

ARTICLE: The United States Constitution - Part 2 – Article 1, Section 1 & 2


What does Article 1, Section 1 of the US Constitution actually say? This will be the first of many articles on what the Constitution says and what it means in common language![MORE]

ARTICLE: Liberalism Stands for Freedom


THE story about the Grand Inquisitor in Dostoevsky's novel, The Brothers Karamazov, pictures Christ as appearing in the streets of Seville during the Spanish Inquisition just as a large number of heretics had been burned at the stake. The Grand Inquisitor arrested Christ, visited[MORE]

VIDEO: 25 Interesting Things You Didn't Know About George


Did you know that before fighting against the British he actually fought for the British? These are 25 interesting things you didn't know about George Washington. twitter.com/list25 www.facebook.com/list25 list25.com Check out the text version too! - list25.com/25-interes[MORE]

Quote 125 details Share on Google+ - Quote 125 Linked In Share Button - Quote 125 As to Taxes, they are evidently inseparable from Government. It is impossible without them to pay the debts of the nation, to protect it from foreign danger, or to secure individuals from lawless violence and rapine.

Alexander Hamilton: Address to the Electors of the State of New York, March, 1801

Quote 145 details Share on Google+ - Quote 145 Linked In Share Button - Quote 145 If duties are too high, they lessen the consumption; the collection is eluded; and the product to the treasury is not so great as when they are confined within proper and moderate bounds. This forms a complete barrier against any material oppression of the citizens by taxes of this class, and is itself a natural limitation of the power of imposing them.

Alexander Hamilton: Federalist No. 21, 1787
The Federalist Papers
Quoted Document: The Federalist Papers

Quote 155 details Share on Google+ - Quote 155 Linked In Share Button - Quote 155 It is a singular advantage of taxes on articles of consumption that they contain in their own nature a security against excess. They prescribe their own limit, which cannot be exceeded without defeating the end purposed — that is, an extension of the revenue.

Quote 296 details Share on Google+ - Quote 296 Linked In Share Button - Quote 296 A just security to property is not afforded by that government, under which unequal taxes oppress one species of property and reward another species.

James Madison: Essay on Property, March 29, 1792

Quote 366 details Share on Google+ - Quote 366 Linked In Share Button - Quote 366 The apportionment of taxes on the various descriptions of property is an act which seems to require the most exact impartiality; yet there is, perhaps, no legislative act in which greater opportunity and temptation are given to a predominant party to trample on the rules of justice. Every shilling which they overburden the inferior number is a shilling saved to their own pockets.

James Madison: Federalist No. 10, November 23, 1787
The Federalist Papers

Quote 486 details Share on Google+ - Quote 486 Linked In Share Button - Quote 486 No taxes can be devised which are not more or less inconvenient and unpleasant.

George Washington: Farewell Address, September 19, 1796

Quote 636 details Share on Google+ - Quote 636 Linked In Share Button - Quote 636 To compel a man to subsidize with his taxes the propagation of ideas which he disbelieves and abhors is sinful and tyrannical.

Quote 736 details Share on Google+ - Quote 736 Linked In Share Button - Quote 736 Of all the enemies to public liberty, war is, perhaps, the most to be dreaded, because it comprises and develops the germ of every other. War is the parent of armies; from these proceed debts and taxes; and armies, and debts, and taxes are the known instruments for bringing the many under the domination of the few. In war, too, the discretionary power of the Executive is extended; its influence in dealing out offices, honors, and emoluments is multiplied; and all the means of seducing the minds are added to those of subduing the force of the people. The same malignant aspect in republicanism may be traced in the inequality of fortunes and the opportunities of fraud growing out of a state of war, and in the degeneracy of manners and of morals engendered by both. No nation could reserve its freedom in the midst of continual warfare.

James Madison: Political Observations, April 20, 1795

Quote 775 details Share on Google+ - Quote 775 Linked In Share Button - Quote 775 However extensive the constitutional power of a government to impose taxes may be, I think it should not be so exercised as to impede or discourage the lawful and useful industry and exertions of individuals. hence, the prudence of taxing the products if beneficial labor, either mental or manual, appears to be at least questionable... Whether taxation should extend only to property, or only to income, are points on which opinions have not been uniform. I am inclined to think that both should not be taxed.

John Jay: 1812

Quote 939 details Share on Google+ - Quote 939 Linked In Share Button - Quote 939
Our new Constitution is now established, and has an appearance that promises permanency; but in this world nothing can be said to be certain, except death and taxes.

Benjamin Franklin: letter to Jean Baptiste Le Roy, November 13, 1789
The Essential Wisdom of the Founding Fathers

Quote 991 details Share on Google+ - Quote 991 Linked In Share Button - Quote 991 Taxation to a certain point is not only proper but useful, because by stimulating the industry of individuals it increases the wealth of the Community. But when Taxes go so far as to intrench on the subsistence of the people they become burdensome and oppressive. The expenditures of money ought in such case to be (if possible) avoided, and if unavoidable, it will be most wise to have recourse to loans

Robert Morris: letter to Alexander Martin, July 20, 1782

Quote 993 details Share on Google+ - Quote 993 Linked In Share Button - Quote 993 In every Society also there must be some Taxes, because the necessity of supporting Government & defending the State always exist. To do these on the cheapest Terms is wise, and when it is considered how much men are disposed to indolence and profusion it will appear that (even if those demands did not require the whole of what could be raised) still it would be wise to carry Taxation to a certain amount, and expend what should remain after providing for the support of Government and the National defense in Works of public utility, such as opening of roads and Navigation.

Robert Morris: letter to Alexander Martin, July 20, 1782

Quote 994 details Share on Google+ - Quote 994 Linked In Share Button - Quote 994 For Taxes, operate two ways towards the increase of National Wealth. First they stimulate industry to provide the means of payment, secondly they encourage economy so far as to avoid the purchase of unnecessary things and keep money in readiness for the Tax gatherer.

Robert Morris: letter to Alexander Martin, July 20, 1782

Quote 1015 details Share on Google+ - Quote 1015 Linked In Share Button - Quote 1015 ... thus they may go and ad infinitum: allowing this unbounded power in a set of men at so great a distance, so little acquainted with our circumstances, and not immediately affected with ye taxes laid upon us, what security remains for our property? What fence against arbitrary enactions?


Quote 1046 details Share on Google+ - Quote 1046 Linked In Share Button - Quote 1046 One half of our brethren who fight and pay taxes, are excluded, like Helots, from the rights of representation, as if society were instituted for the soil, and not for the men inhabiting it; or one half of these could dispose of the rights and the will of the other half, without their consent.


Quote 1069 details Share on Google+ - Quote 1069 Linked In Share Button - Quote 1069 The jarring & divided Sentiments on the merits of this untryed System, combine in this Choice And under your Patronage its operations will be undisturbed & viewed with the indulgent Eye of impartiality. To this proof I have ever referred the opponents as the true standard by which to judge of the Constitution. And if I may be allowed to prejudge any event I think I may predict that opposition will weaken as the Government goes on. The Horrors supposed to be inherent in the Texture will wear off & if the People feel no additional burden they will think well of it. If I may be allowed to hope on the first movements, it would be that the present taxes on Land & Slaves might be discontinued & the Sum raised from duties which was formerly required from them. This would immovebly fix a predelection in the Minds of the People in favour of this Government which the oratory of a Henry could not move. But I see I am trespassing on the province of others.

Carter Braxton: letter to George Washington, 15 April 1789

Quote 1082 details Share on Google+ - Quote 1082 Linked In Share Button - Quote 1082 When people are taxed by their own representatives, though the tax is high they pay it chearfully, from a confidence that no more than enough is required, and that a due regard is had to the ability of the giver. But when taxes are laid merely to “settle the point of independence,” and when the quantity of the tax depends on the caprice of those who have the superiority, and who will doubtless lay it heavier in order to bring down the spirits or weaken the power of those who claim independence, what encouragement is there to labour or save?

Charles Thomson: letter to Benjamin Franklin, September 24, 1765



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